Injury sustained in any activity either sports related or an accident can be differentiated into two types: Acute and Chronic.
Acute injury is defined as an injury sustained suddenly during an activity e.g. an ankle sprain, lower back strain or a fractured limb. Acute injury is associated with some characteristic features including:
On the other hand, a chronic injury generally results from or from a long-standing condition or overusing certain body part during exercise or in a sport. Chronic injuries that occur frequently are arthritis, tendonitis, tennis elbow and repetitive strain injury (RSI).
The symptoms of a chronic injury are:
The acute and chronic injuries also differ in approach towards their management. In acute injuries, main aim of management to keep blood loss, pain, inflammation and swelling to a minimum to provide optimum environment for natural healing to take place. The steps involved in Management are termed together as “PRICE” standing for
In chronic injuries, there is no swelling, redness or heat at the site of the injury, thus, management is mostly based on a rehabilitation program to help in weakness and restricted movement soft he injured part. These usually include stretches and exercises for increasing strength and mobility of the affected part. Ice or heat can also be applied to the injured part, but mostly people benefit from heat therapy in case of chronic injury. Your Chiropractor in conjunction with your health care provider can diagnose the cause of your chronic pain and device a treatment plan. The treatment plan may contain of manual therapies, spinal manipulation, and therapeutic exercises .